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醫學英語術語

(11)普外科疾病[surgical diseases]
•furuncle (carbuncle)[癤(癰)]
•cellulitis (abscess)[蜂窩織炎(膿腫)]
•lymphangitis (lymphadenitis)[淋巴管(結)炎]
•paronychia[甲溝(周)炎]
•subungual abscess[甲下膿腫]
•tenosynovitis[腱鞘炎]
•dry (moist,gas) gangrene[干(濕,氣)性壞疽]
•necrosis (ulcer)[壞死(潰瘍)]
•sinus (fistula)[竇道(瘺)]
•wart (cyst)[疣(囊腫)]
•fibroma (neurofibrom)[(神經)纖維瘤]
•imperforatus (atresia)[閉鎖]
•stenosis[狹窄]
•dipoma (hemangioma)[脂肪(血管)瘤]
•nevus (melanoma)[黑痣(黑色素瘤)]
•thyroglossal cyst [甲狀舌骨囊腫]
•tuberculosis of cervical lymph node[頸淋巴結結核]
•thyroid adenoma (carcinoma)[甲狀腺腺瘤(癌)]
•nodular goiter[結節性甲狀腺腫]
•tracheo-esophageal fistula[氣管-食管瘺]
•esophageal atresia (cicatricial stricture of esophagus) [食管閉鎖(疤痕性狹
窄)]
•esophageal adenoma (polyp,fibroma,leiomyoma)[食管腺瘤(息肉,纖維瘤,  
平滑肌瘤)]
•carcinoma of esophagus[食管癌]
•cyst of sebaceous gland[皮脂腺囊腫]
•fibrosarcoma [纖維肉瘤]
•adenocarcinoma[腺癌]
•direct (indirect) inguinal herina[腹股溝直(斜)疝]
•femoral (umbilical,incisional, internal)hernia[股(臍,切口,腹內)疝]
•acute (tuberculous) peritonitis[急性(結核性)腹膜炎]
•subphrenic (pelvis) abscess[膈下(盆腔)膿腫]
•retroperitoneal abscess(tumor)[后腹膜膿腫(腫瘤)]
•abscess of iliac fossa[髂窩膿腫]
•torsion of omentum [大網膜扭轉]
•gastric (duodenal) ulcer[胃(十二指腸)潰瘍]
•acute perforation (massive hemorrhage)[急性穿孔(大出血)]
•pyloric obstruction[幽門梗阻]
•polyp (adenoma, papilloma, carcinoma) of stomach[胃息肉(腺瘤,乳頭狀
腺瘤,癌)]
•gastric sarcoma[胃肉瘤]
•acute dilatation of stomach [急性胃擴張]
•ulcerative colitis [潰瘍性結腸炎]
•acute necrotizing enteritis [急性壞死性腸炎]
•adhesive (adynamic, complete, incomplete, high ,low, mechanical,  
strangnlating, simple) obstruction of intestiine[粘連性(麻痹性,完全性,
不完全性,高位,低位,機械性,狹窄性,單純性)腸梗阻]      
•intussusception (volvulus)[腸套疊(扭轉)]
•mesenterin embolism (thrombosis)[腸系膜動脈栓塞(靜脈血栓形成)]
•duodental (gastric, small intestinal) diverticulum (diverticulitis)[十二指腸
(胃、小腸)憩室(炎)]
•prolapse of gastric mucosa[胃粘膜脫垂癥]
•benign (malignant) tumor of small intestine[小腸良(惡)性腫瘤]
•carcinoid of small intestine[小腸類癌]
•colic polyposis[結腸息肉病]
•intestinal fistula[腸瘺]
•actue simple (suppurative, gangrenous) appendicitis[急性單純性(化膿性,
壞疽性)闌尾炎]
•congenital megacolon [先天性巨結腸]
•anal fissure (fistula)[肛裂(瘺)]
•perianal abscess[肛周膿腫]
•cryptitis[隱窩炎]
•external (internal) hemorrhoids[外(內)痔]
•prolapse (polyp, carcinoma)of rectum[直腸脫垂(息肉,癌)]
•Crohn`s disease[克隆病]
•cavernous hemangioma(carcinoma) of liver[肝海綿狀血管瘤(癌)]
•portal hypertension[門脈高壓]
•acute (chronic) cholecystitis[急(慢)性膽囊炎]
•cholelithiasis (choledocholithiasis) [膽囊(膽總管)結石]
•stone in intrahepatic bile duct [肝內膽管結石]
•acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis[急性梗阻性化膿性膽管炎]
•ascariasis of the biliary tract[膽道蛔癥]
•carcinoma of gallbladder (bile duct)[膽囊(膽管)癌]
•acute (chronic) pancreatitis[急(慢)性胰腺炎]
•edematous (hemorrhagic necrotizing) pancreatitis[水腫性(出血壞死性)胰
腺炎]
•cyst (carcinoma) of pancreas[胰腺囊腫(癌)]
•rupture of spleen[脾破裂]
•abscess (cyst) of spleen[脾膿腫(囊腫)]
•splenomegaly and hypersplenism[脾腫大和脾亢]
•aneurysm[動脈瘤]
•arteriovenous fistula[動靜脈瘺]
•varicose vein (lymphedema) of lower extremity[下肢靜脈曲張(淋巴水腫)]
•phlebothrombosis (thrombophlebitis)[靜脈血栓形成(血栓性靜脈炎)]
•thromboangitis obliterans [血栓閉塞性脈管炎]
•Raynaud disease[雷諾氏病]
(12)胸外科疾病[diseases of thoracic surgery]
•hemothorax(pneumothorax, hemopneumothorax)[血(氣,血氣)胸]
•pneumoderma (aerodermectasia)[皮下氣腫]
•chylothorax[乳糜胸]
•empyema thoracis[膿胸]
•emphysema of mediastinum[縱隔氣腫]
•closed(open, tension) pneumothorax[閉合(開放,張力)性氣胸]
•hemopericardium[血心包]
•pericardial tamponade[心包填塞]
•aortic aneurysm[主動脈動脈瘤]
•pectus excavatum (carinatum)[漏斗(雞)胸]
•pulmonary cyst (abscess, gangrene, tuberculosis)[腫囊腫(膿腫,壞疽,結
核)]
•carcinoma (hamartoma, hydatid disease) of lung[肺癌(錯構瘤,包蟲?。
•constrictive pericarditis[縮窄性心包炎]
•congenital heart disease[先天性心臟病]
•patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)[動脈導管未閉]
•auricular (ventricular) septal defect(ASD/VSD) [房(室)間隔缺損]
•endocardial cushion defect [心內膜墊缺損]
•coarctation of aorta [主動脈縮窄]
•rheumatic heart disease[風濕性心臟病]
•pulmonary (mitral, aortic, tricuspid) stenosis (regurgitation)[肺動脈(二尖,
主動脈,三尖)瓣狹窄(關閉不全)]
•dilated (hypertrophic) cardiomyopathy[擴張(肥厚)型心肌病]
•stenosis of right ventricular outflow tract[右室流出道狹窄]
•coronary fistula[冠脈瘺]
•transposition of great artery [大動脈轉位]
•double outlet of right ventricle [右室雙出口]
•Ebstein`s anomaly[愛勃斯坦畸形]
•Eisenmenger`s (Budd-Chiari`s, Lutembacher`s) syndrome[愛森曼格(布-加,
魯登巴哈)氏綜合征]
•trilogy (tetralogy) of Fallot [法樂氏三(四)聯癥]
•coronary artery disease (CAD)[冠心病]
•carcinoma of esophagus [食管癌]
•esophagocele[食道疝]
•esohageal diverticulum[食管憩室]
•thymoma [胸腺瘤]
•tumor of mediastinum[縱隔腫瘤]
•diaphragmatic hernia[膈疝]
(13)骨科和創傷外傷疾病[diseases of orthopedics and trauma]
•complete (incomplete, closed, open, habitual, pathologic) dislocation[完全性
(不完全性,閉合,開放,習慣性,病理性)脫位]
•dislocation of elbow (hip) joint [肘(髖)關節脫位]
•dislocation of shoulder[肩關節脫位]
•closed (open, compression, epiphysial, stress, impacted, multiple,
pathological)fracture[閉合性(開放性,壓縮性,骨骺,疲勞,嵌入性,
多發性,病理性)骨折]
•fracture of humeral shaft (head)[肱骨干(頭)骨折]
•fracture of scapula[肩胛骨骨折]
•clavicular fracture [鎖骨骨折]
•Smith fracture [史密斯骨折]
•fracture of the femoral neck (shaft) [股骨頸(干)骨折]
•fracture of patella [髕骨骨折]
•fracture of sacrum (coccyx,pubis)[骶骨(尾骨,恥骨)骨折]
•acute (chronic, pyogenic) osteomyelitis[急(慢,化膿)性骨髓炎]
•bone tuberculosis [骨結核]
•rheumatoid (traumatic) arthritis [類風濕(外傷性)性關節炎]
•gout[痛風]
•osteomalacia[骨質軟化病]
•rickets[佝僂病]
•genu varum (valgum)[膝內(外)翻]
•wry neck (torticollis)[斜頸]
•spina bifida manifesta(occulta)[顯(隱)性脊柱裂]
•syndactylia (polydactylia) [并(多)指(趾)]
•flat foot [平足]
•scoliosis[脊柱側凸]
•aseptic necrosis[無菌性壞死]
•scapulohumeral periarthritis[肩周炎]
•rupture of tendon[肌腱斷裂]
•neurological (skin, soft tissue, vascular) injury[神經(皮膚,軟組織,血管)
損傷]
•ischemic contracture[缺血性肌攣縮]
•tennis player`s elbow[網球運動員肘]
•synovitis (bursitis)[滑膜(滑囊)炎]
•ligamentous sprain (strain, avulsion tear)[韌帶扭傷(勞損,撕脫傷,撕裂
傷)]
•seperation of the symphysis pubis [恥骨聯合分離]
•fragility of bone[脆骨病]
•osteoma (chondroma)[骨(軟骨)瘤]
•osteochondroma (osteoid osteoma)[骨軟骨瘤(骨樣骨瘤)]
•bone cyst[骨囊腫]
•osteoblastoma (osteoclastoma)[成(破)骨細胞瘤]
•chondroblastoma[成軟骨細胞瘤]
•giant-cell tumor of bone[骨巨細胞瘤]
•osteosarcoma (chondrosarcoma)[(軟)骨肉瘤]
•fibrosarcoma of bone[骨纖維肉瘤]
•hemangioma[血管瘤]
•multiple myeloma(MM)[多發性骨髓瘤]
•metastatic tumor of bone[轉移性骨腫瘤]
•congenital deformity[先天性畸形]
•Marfan`s syndrome [馬凡氏綜合征]
•obstetic (cerebral) palsy[產傷性(大腦性)癱]
•osteoporosis[骨質疏松]
•ankylosing spondylitis[強直性脊柱炎]
•cervical spondylosis[頸椎病]
•chondrophyte [軟骨疣]
•disc degeneration [椎間盤退行性病變]
•degenerative joint disease[退行性關節病變]
•frozen shoulder[凍肩]
•ganglion[腱鞘囊腫]
•osteoarthrosis[骨關節病]
•sciatica[坐骨神經痛]
•carpal tunnel syndrome[腕管綜合征]
•tenosynovitis[腱鞘炎]
•trigger finger[板機指]
•acromegaly[肢端肥大癥]
•Kaschin-Back disease[大骨節病]
•hemarthrosis[關節積血]
•cold(paravertebral, psoas, soft tissue, sub-periosteal)abscess[冷(椎旁,腰大
肌,軟組織,骨膜下)膿腫]
•contusion (sprain, abrasion, concussion, avulsion, laceration)[挫(扭,擦,
震蕩,撕脫,裂)傷]
•crush (cold) injury [擠壓(凍)傷]
•punctured (penetrating, perforating, incised) wound [刺(穿入,貫通,割)
傷]
•rabies[狂犬病]
•tetanus [破傷風]
•snake bite[蛇咬傷]
•first (second, third) degree burn[一(二,三)度燒傷]
•electric (chemical) burn[電(化學)燒傷]
•fracture of skull[顱骨骨折]
•cerebral concussion (contusion)[腦震蕩(挫傷)]
•open(closed) trauma[開放(閉合)性外傷]
•intestinal trauma (injury)[腸外傷]
•liver (pancreas) injury[肝(胰腺)外傷]
•rupture of spleen(kidney)[脾(腎)破裂]
(14)腦外科疾病[diseases of brain surgery]
•brain abscess[腦膿腫]
•extradural (subdural) abscess (tumor)[硬膜外(下)膿腫(腫瘤)]
•acoustic neuroma[聽神經瘤]
•meningocele (meningoencephalocele)[腦膜膨出]
•spinal meningocele[脊膜膨出]
•hydrocephalus[腦積水]
•ylioma (neurofibroma)[神經膠質(神經纖維)瘤]
•meningioma[腦膜瘤]
•pituitary adenoma[垂體腺瘤]
•craniopharyngioma[顱咽管瘤]
•cysticercosis (paragonimiasis, schistosomiasis) of brain[腦囊蟲(肺吸蟲,血
吸蟲)病]
•cerebral bleeding (embolism) [腦出血(栓塞)]
•cerebral hemorrhage (infarction)[腦出血(梗死)]
•cerebral trauma[腦外傷]
•cerebral aneurysm[腦動脈瘤]
•cerebrovascular malformation[腦血管畸形]
•arteriovenous malformation of brain[腦動靜脈畸形]
•intracerebral hematoma[腦內血腫]
•hemorrhage of internal capsule[內囊出血]
•hemorrhage of brain stem[腦干出血]
•cerebromalacia[腦軟化]
•cerebral edema[腦水腫]
•cerebrovascular accident[腦血管意外]
•metastatic encephaloma[轉移性腦瘤]
•epilepsy[癲癇]
•Parkison`s disease[帕金森氏病]
•intracranial hypertension[顱內壓升高]
•basicranial fracture [顱底骨折]
•intracranial space-occupying lesion[顱內占位性病變]
•ependymal cyst (ependymoma)[室管膜囊腫(瘤)]
•cerebral atrophy[腦萎縮]
•encephalocele[腦疝]
(15)泌尿外科疾病[urological diseases]
•polycystic kidney[多囊腎]
•phimosis (redundant prepuce)[包莖(包皮過長)]
•hypospadias (epispadias)[尿道下(上)裂]
•cryptorchidism[隱睪]
•ectopia (torsion) of testis[睪丸異位(扭轉)]
•extrophy of bladder [膀胱外翻]
•hydrocalyx [腎盞積水]
•hydronephrosis[腎積水]
•stricture of ureter[輸尿管狹窄]
•obstruction of urethra[尿道梗阻]
•renal (ureteral) injury[腎(輸尿管)損傷]
•injury of bladder (urethra, penis, scrotum)[膀胱(尿道,陰莖,陰囊)損傷]
•condyloma acuminate [尖銳濕疣]
•balanitis (balanoposthitis)[陰莖頭(包皮)炎]
•cavernositis of the penis[陰莖海綿體炎]
•chancroid[軟下疳]
•cystitis[膀胱炎]
•soft (hard) chancre[軟(硬)下疳]
•hypertrophy of prostate [前列腺肥大]
•eczema of the scrotum (external genitalia)[陰囊(外生殖器)濕疹]
•acute (chronic) pyelonephritis [急(慢)性腎盂腎炎]
•pyelitis[腎盂炎]
•pyonephritis[腎積膿]
•trichomonal prostatitis[滴蟲性前列腺炎]
•perinephritis [腎周圍炎]
•abscess of the kidney (perinephric)[腎(周膿腫)]
•acute (chronic) cystitis[急(慢)性膀胱炎]
•gonorrheal prostatitis(seminal vesiculitis, epididymitis, urethritis)[淋球菌性前
列腺炎(精囊炎,附睪炎,尿道炎)]
•gonorrhea[淋病]
•bacterial urethritis[細菌性尿道炎]
•tuberculosis of kidney (prostate, seminal vesicle, epididymis)[腎(前列腺,
精囊,附睪)結核]
•contracted bladder[攣縮性膀胱]
•renal (ureteral, vesicle) calculus[腎(輸尿管,膀胱)結石]
•carcinoma (embryoma) of kidney[腎癌(胚胎瘤)]
•papilloma (papillary carcinoma) of renal pilvis(ureter, penis, bladder)[腎盂(輸
尿管,陰莖,膀胱)乳頭狀瘤(癌)]
•infiltrative carcinoma of bladder[膀胱浸潤性癌]
•caruncle of urethra[尿道肉阜]
•teratoma (seminoma) of testis[睪丸畸胎瘤(精原細胞癌)]
•carcinoma (sarcoma) of prostate [前列腺癌(肉瘤)]
•nephroptosis[腎下垂]
•hydrocele of the spermatic cord (testis)[精索(睪丸)鞘膜積液]
•varicolele of spermatic cord[精索靜脈曲張]
•elephantiasis of scrotum (penis)[陰囊(陰莖)橡皮腫]
•intrascrotal filariasis[陰囊內絲蟲病]
•chyluria (bacteriuria)[乳糜(細菌)尿]
•Cushing syndrome [柯興綜合征]
•primary (secondary) aldosteronism [原(繼)發性醛固酮增多癥]
•virilism[女性男性化]
•adrenal pheochromocytoma[腎上腺嗜鉻細胞瘤]
•adenocarcinoma of bladder (prostate)[膀胱(前列腺)腺癌]
•clear (granular) cell carcinoma of kidney [腎透明(顆粒)細胞癌]
•leiomyosarcoma of the bladder[膀胱平滑肌肉瘤]
•polyp of the ureter[輸尿管息肉]
•urethrorectal (urethrovaginal, vesicorectal, visicovaginal) fistula[尿道直腸(尿
道陰道,膀胱直腸,膀胱陰道)瘺]
•hematoma of the scrotum[陰囊血腫]
•rupture of the bladder (renal pedicle)[膀胱(腎蒂)破裂]
•acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS)[愛滋?。ǐ@得性免疫缺陷綜
合征)]
•thrombosis of the renal artery[腎動脈血栓形成]
•renal artery stenosis[腎動脈狹窄]
•acute tubular necrosis[急性腎小管壞死]
•amyloidosis of the kidney[腎淀粉樣變]
•neurogenic bladder[神經性膀胱]
•male(female) infertility[男(女)性不育癥]
•azoospermia (aspermia)[無精癥]
•necrospermia[死精癥]
•asthenospermia (aspermatogenesis) [精子活力(生成)不足]
•impotencec(y)[陰萎]
•asexuality[無性欲]
•hyposexuality (hypersexuality)[性欲低下(旺盛)]
•nocturnal emission[遺精]
•ejaculatio praecox[早泄]
•male sterility (contraception)[男性絕(節)育]
•apareunia (dyspareunia)[性交不能(困難)]
•penile chordee[陰莖痛性勃起]
•sexual experience (hygiene, impulse, development, behavior, life, intercourse,
precocity, stimulate, satisfaction)[性經歷(衛生,沖動,發育,行為,生活,
性交,早熟,刺激,滿足)]
•rectal (oral) intercourse[肛(口)交]
•sodomy [雞奸]
•masturbation[手淫]
•rape[強奸]
•aidoiomania (furor genitalis)[色情狂]
•homosexuality[同性戀]
•necromania (bestiality)[尸(獸)奸]
•sadism[施虐狂]
•sexual abuse[性虐待]
•incest[亂倫]
•voyeurism[窺淫癖]
•pedophilia[戀兒癖]
•fetishism[戀物癖]
•transsexualism[變性癖]
(16)婦產科疾病[diseases of obstetrics and gynecology]
(1)婦科疾病[obstetrics diseases]
•vulvitis[外陰炎]
•chronic vulvar dystrophy[慢性外陰營養不良]
•pruritus (leucoderma, albinism) vulvae[外陰瘙癢(白斑,白化?。
•Bartholin`s gland cyst (abscess)[前庭大腺囊腫(膿腫)]
•trichomonas (monilial, senile) vaginitis (colpitis)[滴蟲(念珠菌,老年)性
陰道炎]
•cervical erosion (hypertrophy, polyp, cyst)[宮頸糜爛(肥大,息肉,囊腫)]
•cervicitis[宮頸炎]
•salpingitis (ovaritis) [輸卵管(卵巢)炎]
•pelvic parametritis [盆腔結締組織炎]
•tuberculosis of the ovary (endometrium, pelvic peritoneum, uterine tube)[卵巢
(子宮內膜,盒腔腹膜,輸卵管)結核]
•gonorrhea[淋病]
•papilloma(fibroma, lipoma) of vulva[外陰乳頭狀瘤(纖維瘤,脂肪瘤)]
•squamocellular (basal cell) carcinoma of vulva[外陰鱗狀上皮(基底)細胞
癌]
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