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護士出國面試常見問題

1.     你的科室里都有什么病號?- What cases are admitted in yourdepartment?
Medical
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) 糖尿病, Hypertension (HTN) 高血壓, Myocardial Infarction (MI) 心肌梗塞, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 慢性阻塞性肺病, Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) 慢性腎衰, Acute Heart Failure (CHF) 急性心衰, Gastroenteritis (GE) 胃腸炎,Fever for investigation (FFI) 發燒待查, Cancer (Ca) 癌癥, Coma 昏迷, Shock 休克, Cardiac Arrest心跳驟停, Stroke 中風, Chocking 異物阻塞, Anemia 貧血
Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) 腦血管意外, Cerebral Haemorrhage 腦出血, Angina 心絞痛, Asthma 哮喘, Chicken pox 水痘,Tuberculosis 結核, Infunza 流感, Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E 肝炎五型, Epilepsy 癲癇
 
Surgical
Appendicitis 闌尾炎 for appendectomy , Cholecystitis 膽囊炎 forcholecystectomy , Acute Abdominal Pain 急腹癥, Ingrowing nail 指甲向內生長, Hernia for herniotomy, Haemorrhoids / piles 痔瘡 for haemorrhoidectomy , Pneumothorax 氣胸, Haemothorax 血胸, Intestinal Obstruction 腸梗阻, Cellulitis 蜂窩織炎, Pancreatitis 胰腺炎 for pancreatectomy , Head Injury , Circumcision 包皮環切術, Diagnostic laproscopy 腹腔鏡, Laparotomy 剖腹探查術, Abscess 膿腫 for incision and drainage (I&D)切開引流術,Closed fracture 閉合性骨折,Knee arthritis 關節炎,Back pain , Total Knee Replacement / Arthroplasty (TKR, TKA) 膝關節置換術, Total Hip Replacement / Arthroplasty (THR, THA) 髖關節置換術, Open Reduction and Internal Fixation (ORIF) 切開復位固定術
 
日常工作內容和主要職責:What do you do in your daily work?
Applicable for nurses in alldepartment
-        Assess patientfrom head to toe upon patient’s admission and document it in the assessmentsheet and make nursing care plan for each patient.
-        Take thepatient past medical history, check vital signs and record it in the patientfile.
-        Orient thepatient about the hospital and ward surroundings and regulations etc..
-        Inform the onduty doctor upon the new patient arrival.
-        Assist doctor inphysical examination.
-        Carry outdoctor’s order in an effective way: such as administer medication, injection, startIV fluid, blood transfusion, enema, oxygen inhalation and so on.
-        PerformIV cannula insertion; NG tube insertion/removal and maintenance; Foley’scatheter insertion and care; Bladder irrigation; Gastric lavage etc.
-        Givemedications according to doctor’s orders following 5 rights every time.
-        Observe patientresponse during and after giving medication, and take action accordingly andinform doctor immediately if indicated.
-        Collectspecimen for investigation, such as: blood, urine, sputum, stool, culture swabetc. according to the policy and procedure.
-        Keep closeobservation for critical patients.
-        Perform CPR incase of any medical emergency.
-        Perform basicnursing care, such as: mouth care, urinary catheter care, morning care, eveningcare, changing bedsheets and so on.
-        Provide healthteaching to patient and family upon and during admission and discharge.
-        Providephysical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of the patient/families.
-        Maintainand update all relevant patient documentations/medical records as per policyand procedures.
-        Carry outduties assigned by head nurse and supervisors, coordinate with coworkers.
-        Check wardequipments and make sure it’s functioning well.
-        Check crashcart and floor stock medication every shift to make sure it’s ready for nextuse.
-        Keep confidentiality of patient’s record.
-        NotifyInfection Control Nurse for any notifiable conditions.
-        Respond to thepatient’s call bell on time.
-        Ensurespatient’s safety within the unit by practicing Infection Control guidelines andother facility management safety program.
-        cooperate withphysiotherapists and occupational therapists in helping patients to restorefunction in activities of daily living。
 
For specific department
-        Preoperative and postoperative nursing care and education. (Surgical)
-        Informoperating room for any scheduled surgery. (surgical)
-        Startimmunization program for newborn. (NBN, NICU)
-        Demonstratessafe care while handling babies in incubators/phototherapy. (NBN, NICU)
-        Provideseducation to mother in the childcare, breastfeeding and selfcare, assists asnecessary. (NBN, NICU)
-        Provideprenatal and postnatal health teaching to mothers. (OB,GYNAE, L&D)
-        Monitor fetalheart rate. (OB, GYNAE, L&D)
-        Assist the physician for all deliveries and do newborn care (L&D)
-        Care andmonitor patient on mechanical ventilator. (ICU, NICU, ECU, ER,)
 
2.     什么樣的病號應該入在ICU? - Which kind of patients shouldbe admitted in ICU?
A;Those patients need close observation like Coma, MajorSurgery,   respiratory failure ect.
3.     ICU護士有多少?每個班上有幾個護士?- How many staffs are there in ICU? How many nurses in each shift?
4.     ICU護士和病號的比例是多少?- What is the ratio of Nurse and Patient in ICU?
A:1:2
5.     ICU病房是否每個床位旁邊有監護儀?Do you have individual bedside monitor for each patient in your ICU?
Yes.
6.     ICU科室的護士站是否有中心監測儀?Do you have a central monitor in nursing station of ICU?
根據自己的醫院情況不同。有的有,有的沒有。
7.     你都護理過什么病號?Which types of patients have you caredcommon case?
根據自己的科室內收治的病號情況回答自己熟悉的疾病。
8.     心肌梗塞的病號怎么護理?How to care patient with MI (MyocardialInfarction)?
 Oxygen,aspirin,glyceryl trinitrate(nitroglycerin) and analgesia (Morphine) are usually administeredas soon as possible,ECG monitor is alsoessential.
9.     為什么要給心肌梗塞的病號用嗎啡?Why do we give Morphine toMI patient?
A;relieve pain
10.用嗎啡的時候應該注意觀察什么?What should you observe if you give patient Morphine?
A;respiratory distress, nausea, vomiting,  hypotension, comatose
11.阿司匹林的作用是什么?What is the action of Aspirin?
A:antithrombin
12.什么樣的病號入院到NICU?怎樣護理?Which kind of patients are admitted in NICUin your hospital?
    Babies may be sent to the NICU if: they're born prematurely;difficulties occur during their deliveries; they show signs of a problem in thefirst few days of life. For example : Apnea; Bradycardia; Jaundice; Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)
13.怎樣評估新生兒健康情況?How to assess the condition of newborn?
A using APGAR scoring
14.APGAR評分標準?APGAR scoring standards?
Apgar, an acronym for: Activity,Pulse, Grimace, Appearance, and Respiration.
The Apgar test is usually givento the baby twice: once at 1 minute after birth, and again at 5 minutes afterbirth. Rarely, if there are concerns about the baby's condition and thefirst two scores are low, the test may be scored for a third time at 10 minutesafter birth.
 
Apgar Scoring
 
Apgar Sign
2
1
0
Heart Rate
(pulse)
Normal (above 100 beats per minute)
Below 100 beats per minute
Absent
(no pulse)
Breathing
(rate and effort)
Normal rate and effort, good cry
Slow or irregular breathing, weak cry
Absent (no breathing)
Grimace (responsiveness or "reflex irritability")
Pulls away, sneezes, or coughs with stimulation
Facial movement only (grimace) with stimulation
Absent (no response to stimulation)
Activity
(muscle tone)
Active, spontaneous movement
Arms and legs flexed with little movement
No movement, "floppy" tone
Appearance
(skin coloration)
Normal color all over (hands and feet are pink)
Normal color (but hands and feet are bluish)
Bluish-gray or pale all over
 
15.新生兒吸氧前應該怎樣護理?What should you do before initiate oxygen therapy to newborn?
A: Do suction per oral.
16.使用呼吸機的并發癥?What are the complications of using mechanical ventilator?
A: GI complications associated with MV, such asstress ulcer and GI hypomotility, PEEP-induced reductions in cardiac output. GIHemorrhag, Esophagitis:, Hypomotility, infection
17.肺炎怎么處理?Howto care patient with pneumonia?
A: Intravenous fluidtherapy, Antibiotic therapy, Nebulization, Oxygen Therapy,
18.病人入院后怎樣評估病號?How to assess newly admitted patient?
Head to toe assessment
19.評估應該記錄在哪里?Where do you record your assessment of patient?
A: Nursing assessment form
20.交通事故外傷的病號應該怎么護理?How to deal with patient with road traffic accident?
21.怎樣評估外傷病號?How to assess patient with trauma?
22.怎樣評估外傷病號的意識情況?How to assess trauma patient’s consciousness?
A: Using the GCS (Glasgowcoma scale)
Glasgow Coma Score
Eye Opening (E)
Verbal Response (V)
Motor Response (M)
4=Spontaneous
3=To voice
2=To pain
1=None
5=Normal conversation
4=Disoriented conversation
3=Words, but not coherent
2=No words......only sounds
1=None
6=Normal
5=Localizes to pain
4=Withdraws to pain
3=Decorticate posture
2=Decerebrate
1=None
 
Total = E+V+M

 
23.什么時候應該給病號做心肺復蘇?When to start CPR for patient?
A;If the patient has no response,no pulse, no breathing
24.心肺復蘇的過程?What are the steps of CPR?
A; ABC
A: Open airway
B: check for breathing
C: Check for Circulation
(if no circulation start chest compression and ventilation ratiofor adult 1&2 rescuer is 30:2, ratio for Children and Infant 1 rescuer is30:2)
25.什么是搶救病號的ABC? What does ABC stand for?
 A. airway  B. breath C. circulation
26.手術室都做過什么手術?What operations have you attended?
appendectomy  闌尾切除術
cholecystectmy
膽囊切除術
hemorrhoidectomy 痔切除術
mastectomy 乳房切除術
open reduction and internal fixation 切開內固定
amputation 截肢
hysterectomy 子宮切除術
cystoplasty 膀胱成形術
laparotomy 剖腹探查術
手術之前都需要準備什么?Whatshould you prepare before operation?
Prepare all the operation set needed for the operation.
27.手術中如果器械掉到地上,應該怎么做?What should you do if the instrument fall down accidentally duringthe operation?
A:Replace with new set
28.怎樣處理使用完的手術器械?How to deal with the instruments used during operation?
A:After counting theinstruments, send it to CSSD
29.怎樣才能保證器械是無菌的?How do you ensure the instruments are sterile?
A:check the label or the other indicator outside thepackage.
30.怎樣預防手術室內感染?How to prevent infection in operation room?
Follow the operating room policy , to maintain the positivepressure in the operating room, do hand scrubbing properly before surgery,follow the sterile technique strictly throughout the operation.
31.手術室病人都有什么需要?What are the needs of patient in operating room?
To release their anxiety, keep them comfortable and safe.
32.應怎樣清點術中使用器械?How to count the instruments during operation?
Always count by two nurses who are scrubbing nurse and circulatingnurse.
33.是否記錄清點數字,在哪記錄?Where do you record the number you count?
A: on the operation procedure note/count sheet.
34.清點中如發現少一塊紗布應怎么辦?What should you do if you found one sponge is missing?
A: Double check again, if it’s still wrong, we need to do an X-ray.
35.是否護理過肝炎病號?Have you cared patient with Hepatitis?
根據自己的經驗。Yes or no .
36.肝炎有哪幾種?What kind of hepatitis are there?
Hepatitis A.B.C.D.E.
37.甲肝是通過什么傳播的?What is the mode of transmission for Hepatitis ‘A’ ?
A:Oral - fecal.
38.乙肝和丙肝是通過什么途徑傳播的?What is the mode of transmission for Hepatitis ‘B’ ?
A:Blood and sex intercourse
39.ICU乙肝病人怎樣護理?How to care patient with Hepatitis ‘B’in ICU?
Keep the patient under contact Isolation and follow contactprecautions.
40.乙肝病人做手術應該怎么辦?How to deal hepatitis patient in OR?
Hepatitis B patient should be the last one on the operation listand terminal cleaning should be done for the operating room.
All the operating team should follow the contact precautions.
41.給乙肝病人做手術時應該怎樣保護自己,醫生,其他病號和手術室房間的感染?How to prevent yourself, doctor, other patients and the operatingroom from infection while doing operation for Hepatitis ‘B’ patient?
A; Contact precautions, by using proper PPE, double glove
42.肝炎是細菌還是病毒引起的?Is it Virus or Bacteria which can cause hepatitis?
A: Virus
43.是否給病號輸過血?Have you administered blood to patient?
A: Yes
44.如果醫生下醫囑輸血應該怎樣處理這個醫囑?How to carry out the doctor’s order of blood transfusion
A:Explain to the patient and sign the blood transfusionconsent, then do cross matching to prepare the blood .
45.輸血前是否要簽同意書?Do you take consent of patient before blood transfusion?   A: Sure
46.輸血溶血反應?What is blood transfusion hemolysis reaction?
A: a transfusion-related hemolysisrelated to an incompatible bloodtype, or an alteration of the immunesystem related to the transfusion.
Bottom of Form
 
47.如果有輸血反應應該怎么辦?What should you do if the patient had blood reaction?
A: stop the transfusion immediately and keep IV line open (savingthe remaining blood and IV tubing for testing) and to provide supportive careto the patient. Report to doctor promptly.
 .
48.怎樣給病人輸液?How to initiate IV therapy to patient?
49.輸液的步驟?What are the steps of IV therapy?
Check doctor’s order.
Hand washing first.
Prepare all the equipments needed for IV therapy
Explain to the patient.
Prepare the IV solution and IV set.
Choose the vessel.
Put on the tourniquet
Sterilize the insertion site by alcohol
Wait until it’s dry
Insert the cannula.
Put on the label with date and time, signature.
Document in the appropriate form .
 
50.怎樣預防輸液注射側的感染?How to prevent IV site infection
A: Hand washing before insertion, follow the sterile technique,keep dressing dry and intact, change the cannula every 72 hours.
51.給藥的途徑有哪幾種?What are the routes of administering medication?
A: Oral, Intramuscular, Intravenous, Subcutaneous, enteral,sublingual, chewing, inhalation, eye drops, vaginal, rectal, topical,nebulization.
52.給藥時五對是什么?What are the five rights of giving medication?
A; Right patient, Right medication, Right dose, Right time,Right route
53.糖尿病怎么護理?How to deal with patient with Diabetes Mellitus?
A: close monitor blood sugar, foot care, diet control
54.高血糖什么癥狀?應怎么處理?What are the signs of hyperglycemia? How to deal with it?
A: thirsty, ?8?0 frequent urination, ?8?0 Tiredness, and increased susceptibility toinfections.
Inform to doctor, to give medicationsaccording to doctor’s order.
低血糖什么癥狀?應怎么處理?Whatare the signs of hypoglycemia? How to deal with it?
A: Sweating, feel hungry, tachycardia,
Inform doctor , and giving sugar then recheckafter 15mins,.
55.高血糖和低血糖哪個更危險?Which is more dangerous if the patient develop hyperglycemia orhypoglycemia?
A: hypoglycemia
56.低血糖會導致什么結果?What will happen to the patient with hypoglyciemia?
A: Coma, death.
57.怎樣預防院內針刺事故?How to prevent needle stick injury in the hospital?
Follow the Infection Control Practice, no recap of needles.
58.護理程序中,評估入院病人后再做什么?What is the next step after nursing assessment in nursing process?
Make nursing diagnosis according to assessment. 
59.怎樣正確確認病人?How to identify patient correctly?
A:Identify patient by full name, and hospital ID bandwith patient’s file.
60.休克的病人怎么護理?How to deal with patient with Shock?
  1. Establish and maintain IV access. Two IV lines are preferred.
  2. Supplemental oxygen therapy may be needed
  3. Intubation may be needed
  4. ABC: Fundamentals such as airway control, breathing and circulatory support must be addressed as a higher priority than antibiotic therapy.
  5. Always carry out doctor’s order!!
 
61.休克的癥狀和體征?What are the signs and symptoms of Shock?
62.怎么護理有傳染性疾病的病人?How to deal with patient with infectious diseases?
A:Follow thecorrect precautions according to Infection Control Policy.
63.如果在病號房間里醫生向你發火,你應該怎么辦?What should you do if the doctor was shouting at you in the patientroom?
A:Try to explain to him , if it doesn’t work, I won’targue with him in front of patient, but I will explain to him after coming outfrom the patient’s room and remind him that’s not good to lose his temper infront of patient.
64.如果你的朋友偷藥,一旦被人知道,他將被開除,你怎么辦?What should you do if you found your friend is stealing patient’smedication and she will be fired if you report it?
A: I will try to stop her from this, and try to advise her toadmit the mistake, and if she doesn’t admit, I will report to my head nurse ormy supervisor.
65.如果你發現你的醫生做了不道德的事,應怎么辦?What should you do if you found your doctor did unethical thing?
A.    First I willadvise him to admit the mistake and report to his head of the department, if hedoesn’t , I will report it .
66.如果你的朋友不遵守沙特的規章制度,你怎么辦?What will you do if your friend doesn’t follow the Saudi cultures?
First, I will advise her to follow the local regulations , if shedoesn’t accept it , I will inform to my head nurse or my supervisor.
67.你的缺點是什么?What is your weak point in your opinion?
68.你的優點是什么?(請說出你為什么認為你是最好的候選人)What is your advantage? (Please list some reasons why you are thebest candidates)
69.你的醫院的缺點和優點是什么?What are the good thing and bad thing in your hospital in youropinion?
70.你認為你醫院里的院內感染做的好嗎?Is it good practice of Infection Control in your hospital in youropinion?
A: yes,根據自己的意見提出來。
71.你為什么從一個科室轉到另一個科室?Why were you transferred from this ward to another ward?
A:根據自己的情況,一般是根據醫院需要,比如其他科室缺少護士。As required by the hospital.
72.你最不喜歡護理的病是什么?What cases do you dislike to care for?
A: So far I like nursing the different kind of patient toenrich my nursing experience, and it’s my responsibilities to care allpatient. 
73.安排你到其他任何科室工作可以嗎?Is it ok if we arrange you to work in other department except theward you applied?
A:Yes.
74.如果一個比你來醫院工作晚的護士給你提意見,你應該怎么辦?What should you do if a nurse who came later than you give youadvice?
A:Accept it if it’s correct.
75.如果你看不清楚醫生的醫囑,但是醫生已經回家而且手機關機,怎么辦?What will you do if you cannot read the doctor’s orders and thedoctor has turned his mobile off?
A:Ask my senior nurse or head nurse, or the on dutysupervisor.
76.如果病號在病房大聲吼,但你又不懂阿拉伯語,你怎么辦?What will you do if the patient is shouting in the room and youdon’t understand Arabic?
A: look for help from other colleagues, head nurse , doctorwho knows arabic or social worker.
77.如果病人抱怨醫院提供的飲食不好而發火,你應該怎么辦?What will you do if the patient complained of food?
A:Get to know the need of the patient, and thenCoordinate with dietician provides the food which the patient  like as much as possible.
78.如果你的朋友給錯藥你怎么辦?What will you do if your friend or you gave wrong medication?
A:Report to doctor or charge nurse and keep closeobservation of the patient.
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